Proctoscopy conducted pursuant to warrant issued on probable cause, culminating in the discovery of 9.62 grams of crack cocaine in a plastic bag in defendant’s rectum, violated the defendant’s right to personal privacy and dignity. United States v. Gray, 669 F.3d 556 (5th Cir. 2012). “When the district court denies a motion to suppress, we review factual findings for clear error and conclusions of law de novo.” United States v. Payne, 341 F.3d 393, 399 (5th Cir. 2003) (citation omitted). “Evidence is considered in the light most favorable to the prevailing party. The ultimate conclusion about the constitutionality of the law enforcement conduct is reviewed de novo.” United States v. Roberts, 612 F.3d 306, 309 (5th Cir. 2010) (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). This “ultimate conclusion,” which is reviewed de novo, includes “the sufficiency of the warrant or the reasonableness of an officer’s reliance on a warrant” for purposes of the good faith exception. United States v. Allen, 625 F.3d 830, 834 (5th Cir. 2010). “The overriding function of the Fourth Amendment is to protect personal privacy and dignity against unwarranted intrusion by the State.” Schmerber v. California, 384 U.S. 757, 767 (1966). This case forces us to balance thisfundamental interest in a person’s bodily integrity and dignity against the significant need of law enforcement officers to unearth evidence of crime. Specifically, the Appellant Rondrick Gray was forced to undergo a proctoscopic examination under sedation pursuant to a warrant obtained on the police’s belief that he was concealing crack cocaine in his rectum.